Wednesday, October 19, 2011
250 years before Columbus came, Cahokia (in Illinois) was larger than London
I figured I'd write about Cahokia after seeing this news article on Google News: http://www.reviewatlas.com/news/moncoll_news/x984143718/Archaeology-Day-field-trip-to-Cahokia-lecture-on-tap
So just a little background on Cahokia. It was inhabited from at least 1200 BC, although
Not only do the mounds represent an amazing amound of work, but apparently the whole area used to have small hills, which were leveled by removing the high ground and filling in the low ground for a large plaza. This was originally thought to be flat because of the river, but nope. It was the people that did it.
There are some burials that appear to be sacrificial, and some violent, including people that were buried alive, mostly around 1000 AD.
Many of the mounds that were in present day St. Louis were destroyed and their contents used for building projects and fill. On top of Monk's mound, which is the largest of the mounds, there used to be a 5,000 square foot structure on top.
The Cahokians used copper at least for ceremonial purposes, and traded a lot with other groups across North America. We have no idea what the Cahokians called themselves. The name Cahokia comes from a small nearby group of Native Americans living in the area when the mounds were first known to white people.